Ottawa Group

International Working Group On Price Indices

Papers by topic

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Rósmundur Guðnason, Comparison of different sources for CPI weights: Consumers bar-code cash receipts vs supermarkets scanning data (PDF file 19 KB)
Marshall B. Reinsdorf,
Divisia Indexes and the Representative Consumer Problem (PDF file 189 KB)
Bohdan Schultz (Szulc),
Effects of Using Various Macro-index Formulae in Longitudinal Price and Volume Comparisons, Canadian Empirical Studies (PDF file 69 KB)
Ralph Turvey,
Months versus Years (PDF file 41 KB)
Aravindan Jayantha and Lewis Conn (Australian Bureau of Statistics): Using the Two Stage Approach to Price Index Aggregation (PDF file 458 KB)
Julika Herzberg, Thomas A. Knetsch, Dilyana Popova, Patrick Schwind, Sebastian Weinand Empirical findings on upper-level aggregation issues in the HICP Abstract | Presentation

Administered Prices

Lisa Reinheimer, Federal Statistical Office of Germany: Identifying Administered Prices – A practical approach (PDF file 73KB)


John Greenlees and Robert McClelland (US Bureau of Labor Statistics): New Outlets Bias in the CPI: A Look at Recent Evidence (Download paper – PDF, 125kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 357kb)
Claus Christian Breuer (U of Duisburg-Essen): Cost of Living Indexes for Germany (Download paper – PDF, 113kb) (Download presentation – PDF, 85kb) (Download abstract – PDF, 8kb)
Carsten Hansen (UNECE): Re-calculation of the Danish CPI 1996-2006 (Download paper – PDF, 91kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 1.1mb)
Kim Zieschang and Mick Silver, IMF: A Note on Long run analytical CPI series that avoid discontinuities on rebasing (Download paper – PDF, 59kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 281kb)
Ben Nimmo and Chris Pike (Statistics New Zealand): Consumer Price Index: Retrospective Superlative Index and Impact of Alternative Housing Weights (Download paper – PDF, 267kb) (Download presentation – PDF, 1mb)
Mark A. Wynne and Fiona D. Sigalla, The Consumer Price Index
Marcel van Kints (Australian Bureau of Statistics): Geometric Indexes and Substitution Bias in the CPI (PDF file 656 KB)

Coping with changing to complex pricing schemes

Paul Haschka, Simple Methods of Explicit QA for Services in Complex Pricing Schemes (PDF file 209 KB)
Alina Gluchowska, 
Pricing some complex products for the CPI needs (based on the Polish practice) (PDF file 155 KB)
Francoise Le Gallo and François Magnien, 
Measuring the price change of mobile phone services: an arduous task (PDF file 283 KB)

Commercial Property Price Indices

Sebastian Keiler (Deutsche Bundesbank): Commercial Property Prices: What Should Be Measured? (PDF file 159 KB)
Andrew Kanutin (European Central Bank): ECB Progress towards a European Commercial Property Price Index (PDF file 634 KB)
Chihiro Shimizu, W. Erwin Diewert, Kiyohiko G. Nishimura and Tsutomu Watanabe (Reitaku University): ’Commercial Property Price Indexes for Tokyo (PDF file 264 KB)
Paulo Picchetti (Fundação Getulio Vargas): ’Estimating and Smoothing Appraisal-Based Commercial Real-Estate Performance Indexes (PDF file 212 KB)
Jakob Holmgaard (Statistics Denmark): 'Commercial Property Price Indices in Denmark (PDF file 160 KB)
Paolo Passerine (Eurostat): Developing Commercial Property Price Indicators (PDF file 350 KB)
Bert M. Balk (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University): ’A Note on Concept and Measurement of Property Price Indices (PDF file 104 KB)

CPI Manual and Handbooks

Valentina Stoevska (ILO): Status and Updating of the CPI Manual (Download paper – PDF, 20kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 157kb)
David Fenwick (ONS, United Kingdom): Supplementary Handbooks to the ILO CPI Manual: Handbook of Practical Issues on CPI Construction Confronted by Developing Countries (Download paper – PDF, 101kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 526kb) (Download abstract – PDF, 8kb)

Core inflation: from calculation to interpretation

Luigi Biggeri (ISTAT), Tiziana Laureti (University of Naples), Federico Polidoro (ISTAT): Measuring and Interpreting core inflation: evidence from Italy (Download Paper - PDF, 685 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 542 KB)
Daniel Griffiths (Statistics New Zealand): Core inflation measures produced in New Zealand (
Download Paper - PDF, 279 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 598 KB)
Marco Huwiler: Measures of core inflation in Switzerland: An evaluation of alternative calculation methods for monetary policy (
Download Paper - PDF, 23 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 428 KB)
Gregor W. Smith (Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario): The Missing Links: Better Measures of Inflation and Inflation Expectations in Canada (Download Paper - PDF, 270 KB)
Walter Erwin Diewert (University of British Columbia): Discussion of the Smith paper (
Download Paper - PDF, 56 KB)
Rohan Drape, Nicklas Elversøe, Melanie Santiago, Ruth Vaizner Alignment of Methodology and Scope between Services Producer Price Indices (SPPIs) and Consumer Price Indices (CPIs): developing a framework for using CPIs in SPPI calculation | Abstract| Presentation

Comparison of Price Index Methods for CPI Measurement using Scanner DataJacek Bialek and Anna Bobel, Comparison of Price Index Methods for CPI Measurement using Scanner Data, University of Lodz, Statistics Poland and Department of Trade and Services, Poland 2019

Heidi Ertl, Statistics Canada: The use of Alternative Data for Price Indexes (PDF file 979KB)

Different concepts of price indices serving different purposes

Balk: On Curing the CPI's Substitution and New Goods Bias (PDF file 216 KB)
A proposal for a new system of aggreation in the Swedish Consumer Price Index (PDF file 159 KB)
The Consumer Price Index and Index Number Purpose (PDF file 390 KB)
The impact of choice of base month on the relative performance of different formulae used for aggregation of Consumer Price Index data at an elementary aggregate level (PDF file 43 KB)
Should the Cost-of-Living Index Provide the Conceptual Framework for a Consumer Price Index? (PDF file 145 KB)
True Cost of Living Indexes (PDF file 54 KB) 

Developments in weighting and calculation methodology

Paul Armknecht and Mick Silver (International Monetary Fund):
An Examination of the Differences between the Cobb-Douglas Price Index and the Geometric Lowe Price Index
Carlo De Gregorio (ISTAT):
Statistical Target and Sample Design Simulations for Consumer Price Sub-Indices
Beatriz Larraz (University of Castilla-La Mancha), Jose Manuel Pavia (University of Valencia), Guido Ferrari (University of Florence and Renmin University of China):
Weighting elementary prices in Consumer Price Index (CPI) construction using spacial autocorrelation
Ning Huang:
Impact of the Price-Updating Weights Procedure on the Canadian Consumer Price Index
Jens Mehrhoff (Deutsche Bundesbank):
Aggregate Properties of Two-Staged Price Indices
Ricky Ho, Peter Campion, Chris Pike (Statistics New Zealand):
New Zealand Consumers Price Index - an empirical analysis of the frequency and level of weight updates
Lorraine Ivancic, Kevin J. Fox (University of New South Wales):
Can Dissimilarity Indexes Resolve the Issue of when to Chain Price Indexes?
Thomas A. Knetsch, Patrick Schwind, Sebastian Weinand The impact of weight shifts on inflation: Evidence for the euro area HICP | Abstract |Presentation

European issues

John A. Astin and Don J. Sellwood, Harmonization in the European Union: a review of some technical issues (PDF file 95 KB)
Jörgen Dalén,
What is a Monetary Union price index? (PDF file 32 KB)
Pedro Martins Ferreira and Luca Gramaglia (Eurostat): ’The Euro Area Inflation Flash Estimate Procedure (PDF file 483 KB)
Derek Bird (Office for National Statistics): ’Addressing the Formula Effect Gap Between the UK’s two Primary Measures of Consumer Price Inflation (PDF file 190 KB)

Elementary aggregation, superlative indexes

Bert M. Balk, Price Indexes for Elementary Aggregates: The Sampling Approach (PDF file 248 KB)
Mick Silver and Saeed Heravi,
Why Price Index Number Formulae Differ: Economic Theory and Evidence on Price Dispersion (PDF file 383 KB)
Robert Cage, John Greenlees and Patrick Jackman,
Introducing the Chained Consumer Price Index (PDF file 957 KB)


David Fenwick, Anna Brueton and Adrian Ball, Internet retail channels in Price Indices: the challenges involved in including non-traditional retailers in the UK Retail Prices Index (PDF file 242 KB)
Yoel Finkel and Merav Yiftach, 
E-commerce in the Israeli CPI (PDF file 218 KB)
Robin Lowe, 
E-commerce and consumer behaviour (PDF file 174 KB)
Masato Okamoto and Eiji Nitta, 
The Present Situation of E-Commerce and a Pilot Survey on E-Commerce (PDF file 144 KB)
Andrea Grcman and Keith Woolford, 
E-commerce and Data Capture Opportunities for Price Indexes (PDF file 221 KB)

Emerging issues in price indices

Martin Eiglsperger (European Central Bank):
Seasonal adjustment of harmonised indices of consumer prices - main findings of an ECB task force
Paola Anitori, Carlo de Gregorio (ISTAT): Methodological aspects and empirical evidence in the use of administrative souces to estimate price dynamics in external trade
Ayumi Maruyama: The index for retired elderly households
Richhild Moessner, Feng Zhu, Colin Ellis (Bank for International Settlements):
BIS Working papers No. 339 Measuring disagreement in UK consumer and central bank inflation forecasts


Shunichi SHIMAKITA, Statistics Bureau of Japan: Energy price indices in Japanese CPI (PDF file 225KB)
Financial services

Dennis Fixler and Kimberly D. Zieschang, Price Indices for Financial Services (PDF file 133 KB)
Keith Woolford, 
Financial Services in the Consumer Price Index (PDF file 154 KB)
Stephen Frost, 
The construction of price indexes for deposit and loan facilities (PDF file 75 KB)
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
Direct Pricing of Health Insurance in the Consumer Price Index (PDF file 119 KB)
Lionel Viglino, Insurance and quality adjustment: excess and option-cost method (PDF file 160 KB)
Martin Ribe, 
Financial Services in Swedish Price Indices (PDF file 227 KB)
Pr. F. Zakaria / Pr. F. A. Fatine, University of Mohammed V Rabat-Agdal: Competition and Financial stability (PDF file 401KB)
Globalisation and specialisation

Jens Mehrhoff (Deutsche Bundesbank), Claus Christian Breuer (University of Duisburg-Essen): Is Inflation Heterogeneously Distributed Among Income Groups? (Download Paper - PDF, 922 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 414KB)
John Greenlees, Robert McClelland (Bureau of Labor Statistics): Misconceptions about Consumer Price Indexes: the U.S. Experience (
Download Paper - PDF, 70 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 107 KB)
David Fenwick (Office for National Statistics): Ethical price indices: the case for a cost of consumption index (
Download Paper - PDF, 82 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 169 KB)
Jörgen Dalén (Jörgen Dalén Statistical Consulting): Designing a CPI in a developing country. Some experiences (Download Paper - PDF, 266 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 74 KB)
Rosmundur Guðnason, Guðrún R. Jónsdóttir (Statistics Iceland): The impact of Financial Crises on the CPI (
Download Paper - PDF, 92 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 95 KB)

Hedonic regression

Jan de Haan, Direct and indirect Time Dummy Approaches to Hedonic Price Measurement (PDF file 234 KB)
Erwin Diewert, 
Hedonic Regressions: A Review of Some Unresolved Issues (PDF file 340 KB)
Heymerik van der Grient and Jan de Haan, 
An Almost Ideal Hedonic Price Index for Televisions (Room Document) (PDF file 201 KB)
Masato Okamoto, 
Comparison of Hedonic Indices Compiled using Different Types of Weights (Room document) (PDF file 315 KB)
Mick Silver, 
The Use of Weights in Hedonic Regressions: the measurement of Quality-Adjusted Price Changes (Room document) (PDF file 258 KB)
Mick Silver,  The difference between hedonic imputation indexes and the time dummy hedonic indexes for desktop pcs (PDF file 265 KB)
Jan de Haan, 
Time dummy hedonic index as a specific case of Törnqvist index (PDF file 253 KB)
Kari Manninen: Hedonic regressions - a transaction economy (PDF file 348 KB)
Peter Moran:
Applying hedonics in practice: Analysis of US and UK methods for Flat Panel Televisions (PDF file 229 KB)
Erwin Diewert (UBC), Saeed Heravi (U of Cardiff) and Mick Silver (IMF): Hedonic Imputation versus Time Dummy Hedonic Indexes (Download paper – PDF, 191kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 180kb)
Paulo Picchetti , Hedonic residential property price estimation using geospatial data: a machine-learning approach (PDF file 2,913KB)


Erwin Diewert, 
The Treatment of Owner Occupied Housing and Other Durables in a Consumer Price Index (PDF file 478 KB)
Rósmundur Guönason, 
Simple User Cost and Rentals (PDF file 162 KB)
Randi Johannessen, 
Owner occupied housing in the Norwegian CPI (PDF file 206 KB)
Eugen Koev, 
Combining Classification and Hedonic Quality adjustment in Constructing a House Price Index (PDF file 662 KB)
Stefan Linz and Timm Behrmann, 
Using Hedonic Pricing for the German House Price Index (PDF file 328 KB)
Keith Woolford (presented by Merry Branson): An exploration of alternative treatments of owner-occupied housing in a CPI (PDF file 168 KB)
Anders Klevmarken:
Towards an applicable true cost-of-living index that incorporates housing (PDF file 148 KB)
Timo Koskimaki:
Options for the organisation of rent surveys (PDF file 2.9 MB)
Marc Prud’homme, Andrew Baldwin and Alice Nakamura:
An empirical analysis of the different concepts for owned accommodation in the Canadian CPI: The case of Ottawa, 1996-2005 (PDF file 338 KB)
Makoto Shimizu:
Review of the prices of rents and owner-occupied houses in Japan (PDF file 96 KB)
Rosmundur Guonason:
Market prices, house price indices and flow of services methods (PDF file 149 KB)
Yoel Finkel: CPI - Measuring across households (PDF file 384 KB)
Erwin Diewert (University of British Columbia): The Paris OECD-IMF Workshop on Real Estate Price Indexes: Conclusions and Future Directions (Download paper – PDF, 159kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 41kb)
Randal Verbrugge (US Bureau of Labor Statistics): Utilities Adjustment for Owners’ Equivalent Rent (Download paperPDF, 333kb) (Download presentation – PDF, 214kb)
Alexa Olczyk and Geoff Neideck (Australian Bureau of Statistics): Measuring House Price Movements: methods, issues and some recent experiences in the Australian Context (Download paperPDF, 149kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 348kb)
Marc Prud’Homme and Serra Erdur (Statistics Canada): House Price Indexes at Statistics Canada: Practices and Research (Download paperPDF, 166kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 1.2mb)
Martin Ribe (Statistics Sweden): Current Swedish Discussion on Housing in the CPI (Download paperPDF, 586kb) (Download presentation – PDF, 614kb) Rósmundur Guðnason, Guðrún R. Jónsdóttir, Lára G. Jónasdóttir (Statistics Iceland): The effect of House Market downturn on House Price Index (Download Paper - PDF, 261 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 95 KB)
Makoto Shimizu (Statistics Bureau): Hedonic Approach for House Rents in Japan (
Download Paper - PDF, 166 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 317 KB)
Chihiro Shimizu (Reitaku University), Kiyohiko G. Nishimura (Bank of Japan) and Tsutomu Watanabe (Hitotsubashi University): House Prices and Rents in Tokyo: A Comparison of Repeat-Sales and Hedonic Measures (
Download Paper - PDF, 391 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 1.4 MB)
Martin Ribe (SCB): House prices in a Swedish CPI perspective (Download Paper - PDF, 175KB)
Ingvild Johansen, Ragnhild Nygaard (Statistics Norway): Owner-Occupied Housing in the Norwegian HICP (
Download Paper - PDF, 120 KB)
Chihiro Shimizu (Reitaku University), Kiyohiko Nishimura (Bank of Japan), Tsutomu Watanabe (Hitotsubashi University): Residential Rents and Price Rigidity: Micro Structure an Macro Consequences (
Download Paper - PDF, 222 KB)
Corinne Becker Vermeulen and Hans Markus Herren (FSO): Rents in Switzerland: sampling and quality adjustment (
Download Paper - PDF, 128 KB)
Presentation of the Eurostat Handbook on Residential Property Price Indices (RPPI)
Refer to
Eurostat website for post-conference updates
Chihiro Shimizu (Reitaku University), Kiyohiko G. Nishmura (Bank of Japan), Tsutomu Watanabe (Hitobashi University and University of Tokyo):
House Prices at Different Stages of the Buying/Selling Process
Guðrún R. Jónsdóttir, Lára G. Jónasdóttir (Statistics Iceland):
A comparison of the SPAR and a stratified-model house price indices
Mick Silver (International Monetary Fund):
Why Country House Price Indices May Differ
Frances Krsinich (Statistics New Zealand):
An assessment of New Zealand's unofficial SPAR and stratified house price measures
Lee Everts, Patrick Kelly (Statistics South Africa): From Mkhukhus to Mansions: The problem of heterogeneous housing types for the South African CPI
W. Erwin Diewert (The University of British Columbia):
Alternative Approaches to Measuring House Price Inflation
Alicia N. Rambaldi and D.S. Prasada Rao (School of Economics, The University of Queensland):
The Effect of Hedonic Modelling and Index Weights on Hedonic Imputation Indices
W. Erwin Diewert, Jan de Haan and Rens Hendriks (The University of British Columbia):
Hedonic Regressions and the Decomposition of a House Price Index into Land and Structure Components
Robert J. Hill and Michael Scholz (University of Graz): Incorporating Geospatial Data into House Price Indexes: A hedonic Imputation Approach with Splines (PDF file 253KB)
Jens Lunde, Anders Helding Madsen and Maria Lundbæk Laursen (Copenhagen Business School): A Countrywide House Price Index for 152 Years (Paper not publically available)
W. Erwin Diewert and Chihiro Shimizu (University of British Columbia): Residential Property Price Indexes for Tokyo (PDF file 501 KB)
Robert J. Hill and Iqbal A. Syed (University of Graz): Hedonic Price-Rent Ratios, User Cost and Departures from Equilibrium in the Housing Market (PDF file 353 KB)
Annie De Champlain, Heidi Ertl, Gaétan Garneau, Sara Guay, Marllena Ifrim, Klaus Kostenbauer and Jennifer Withington (Statistics Canada): Developing a Residential Property Price Index (RPPI) for Canada: Approach, Risks and Challenges (PDF file 203 KB)
Tomi Martikainen and Petteri Rautaporras (Statistics Finland): Housing Price Statistics in Finland: Monthly Prices of Dwellings, Regional Division in Housing Price Statistics and Usage of Administrative Data (PDF file 298 KB)
Joni Karanka, Robert O'Neill, Natalie Weaden, Ria Sanderson, Christopher Jenkins and Derek Bird (Office for National Statistics): Developing a Definitive Measure of House Prices in the UK (PDF file 1.37 MB)
Ragnhild Nygaard (Statistics Norway):Rent Levels in The Norwegian Rental Market (PDF file 162 KB)
Patrick Kelly and Lee Everts (Statistics South Africa): How Much Rent Do I Pay Myself? / Methods of Estimating the Value of Imputed Rental for the Weights of the South African CPI (PDF file 102 KB)
Doron Sayag: Measuring Local House Price Movements in Israel And Estimating Price Elasticity
Masato Higashi, Masahiro Higo and Aki Ono, Bank of Japan: How can we estimate the quality deterioration with time in the rental service of office buildings in Japanese Services Producer Price Index? (PDF 249 KB)
Statistics Bureau of Japan: Analysis of Rent Prices of Rental Housing by Year of Construction (PDF 116 KB)
Chihiro Shimizu, Satoshi Imai and Erwin Diewert, National University of Singapore, Statistics Bureau of Japan and University of British Columbia: New Estimates for the Price of Housing in the Japanese CPI: Nominal Rigidity of Rents (PDF 2.7 MB)
Kate Burnett-Isaacs, Statistics Canada: Using Hedonics to Create Land and Structure Indexes for the Ottawa Condominium Market (PDF 287 KB)
Pr. Firano Zakaria / Pr. F. A. Filali, University of Mohammed V Rabat-Agdal: Speculative bubble on the Moroccan Real Estate Market: Identification and Cycles Download Paper (PDF file 414KB) Download Poster (PDF file 237KB)
Brand / Vermeulen / Fischbach / Carpy, Swiss Federal Statistical Office (FSO): Swiss residential property price index: the use of geolocalised information for quality adjustment in location (PDF file 3,772KB)
Patrick Sabourin and Faouzi Tarkhani The Cost of a House versus the Cost of Housing: evaluating different approaches to measuring owned accommodation in the Canadian CPI | Abstract | Presentation
W. Erwin Diewert Measuring the Services of Durables and Owner Occupied Housing |Abstract | Paper 2 | Presentation

Grietje van Haren, Foske Kleima and Jan de Haan: The CPI and the new Dutch Health Care System (PDF file 259 KB)

Inflation measurement

Marta F. Haworth and David A. Wall, Inflation measurement in the UK (PDF file 77 KB)
Scott Roger,
A robust measure of core inflation in New Zealand, 1949-96 (PDF file 182 KB)
Brent R. Moulton and Kenneth J. Stewart,
An overview of experimental U.S. Consumer Price Indexes (PDF file 68 KB)
John S. Greenlees,
Expenditure weight updates and measured inflation (PDF file 51 KB)
François Poinat,
Estimation of the potential bias of the French C.P.I. due to the annual linking of intermediary aggregates (PDF file 84 KB)
Bert Balk: Measuring and decomposing rates of inflation derived from annually chained Lowe Indices (PDF file 104 KB)
Salomão Quadros, Vagner Ardeo and Paulo Picchetti (Fundação Getulio Vargas): A Daily Frequency Inflation Measure and its Information Content on Forecasts
Vagner Laerte Ardeo and Angelo Polydoro (Fundação Getulio Vargas): Measuring Dynamic Inflation in Brazil
Ferreira / de Mattos / Ardeo: Triple-Filter core inflation: a measure of the inflation Trajectory (PDF file 302KB)

Index Construction

Pedro Ferreira, Jose Gondin, Andre Braz and Juliana Carneiro, Fundacao Getulio Vargas: Applying the daily inflation to forecast the Broad Consumer Price Index (IPCA) (PDF 623 KB)
Ning Huang, Waruna Wimalaratne and Brent Pollard, Statistics Canada: Choice of index number formula and Upper level substitution bias in the Canadian CPI (PDF 484 KB)
Ning Huang, Waruna Wimalaratne and Brent Pollard, Statistics Canada: The Effects of the Frequency and Implementation Lag of Basket Updates on the Canadian CPI (PDF 386 KB)

Index purpose, definition and scope

Luigi Biggeri, Consumer Price Indices: Purposes and definitions, A useful general approach to the construction of the indices and some measures of the divergences between them (PDF file 115 KB)
Yoel Finkel and Israel Givol,
The Consumer Price Index Development Project in Israel: An Integrated Approach (PDF file 25 KB)
Tomohiko Sato,
Outlet Sampling Method on the 1997 National Survey of Prices (PDF file 38 KB)
Mariana Schkolnik, Francisco Ruiz, Gunter Hintze, Francisco Meneses, Paula Jara, and Cristóbal Videla-Hintze,
The New Chilean CPI (PDF file 47 KB)
Helen Stott,
The CPI purpose and definition - the Australasian Debate (PDF file 103 KB)

ILO activities on CPIs

International Labour Office, Proposals for a draft resolution concerning Consumer Price Indices (PDF file 201 KB)

Indices for population groups

Greg Kurtzon and Robert McClelland (US Bureau of Labor Statistics): Do the Poor Pay More, Store by Store? (Download paper – PDF, 116kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 158kb)
Yoel Finkel and Victoria Roshal (Israel Central Bureau of Statistics): Various CPI Aggregation Schemes: Empirical Study of Israeli Data (Download paper – PDF, 385kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 249kb)
F. Fritzer and Ernst Glatzer (Oesterreichische Nationalbank): Group Specific Inflation Rates for Austrian Households (Download paperPDF, 373kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 430kb)
David Fenwick (ONS): Jim O’Donoghue, Matthew Powell and David Fenwick : Personal Inflation: Perceptions And Experiences (Download paperPDF, 326kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 995kb) (Download abstract (PDF, 9kb)
Deng / Guo / McMillen / Shimizu: Locally Weighted Quantile House Price Indices and Distribution in Japanese Cities Download Paper (PDF file 895KB), Download Poster (PDF file 176KB)

Intra and inter-national comparability and international comparisons

Alick Nyasulu (Secretariat of Pacific Community):
Consumer Price Index Statistics: Some Lessons from Pacific Small Island States
D.S Prasada Rao, Alicia N. Rambaldi, Howard E. Doran (School of Economics, The University of Queensland):
An Econometric Approach to the Construction of Complete Panels of Purchasing Power Parities: Analytical Properties and Empirical Results
Derick Cullen, Michael Abbondante (Australian Bureau of Statistics):
Outcome of the Consumer Price Index Review (2010)
Prasada Rao (University of Queensland) and Bert M. Balk (Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University): Concepts and Terminology for International Comparisons of Prices and Real Incomes (PDF file 182 KB)
Roberto Barcellan (Eurostat): Multipurpose Price Statistics (PDF file 911KB)
Prasada Rao, Alicia Rambaldi and Howard Doran (University of Queensland): Construction of Panels of Real Incomes at Current and Constant Prices: An Econometric Approach (PDF file 1.14 MB)
Valentina Stoevska (ILO, Department of Statistics): Methodologies of Compiling Consumer Price Indices, 2012 ILO Survey of Country Practices (PDF file 785 KB)

Integrated Price Statistics and Measuring Regional Growth and Inflation

Prasada Rao, Alicia N. Rambaldi and Bert M. Balk, The University of Queensland and Erasmus University Rotterdam: On Measuring Regional or Global Growth and Inflation (PDF 592 KB)
Statistics Bureau of Japan: Methodologies of Compiling Consumer Price Indices in Asian Countries (PDF 271 KB)
Paulo Picchetti, Fundacao Getulio Vargas: A measure of core inflation based on dynamyc hierarchical factor models (PDF 198 KB)
Ludwig von Auer / Sebastian Weinand, University Trier: How much cheaper is Rural Life? The Price Levels of German Counties and Cities Poster (PDF file 906KB)

Jens Mehrhoff / Bert M. Balk, European Commission / Eurostat: Index Calculation (PDF file 431KB) (Paper)
Jens Mehrhoff, Eurostat / European Commission: Laspeyres-type what? A European notion of Laspeyres, Lowe & Young (PDF file 125KB) (Poster)



Miscellaneous areas of new or ongoing research

Jörgen Dalén, Statistical targets for price indexes in dynamic universes (PDF file 232 KB)
Masato Okamoto, 
Midpoint-year Basket Index as a Practical Approximation to Superlative Index (PDF file 133 KB)
Bohdan Schultz, 
User-cost Approach to the Estimation of Price Change for Private Transportation, Experimental study in the spirit of the Cost-of-Living Index (PDF file 104 KB)
Paul Haschka, 
Market Liberalisation in the Austrian CPI/HICP (PDF file 87 KB)

Measuring the statistical quality of indices

David Fenwick: Real world quality measures (PDF file 464 KB)
Mick Silver:
Why elementary price index number formulas differ - price dispersion and product heterogeneity (PDF file 223 KB)

New goods, disappearing goods

Robin Lowe, Televisions: Quality changes and scanner data (PDF file 74 KB)
Mick Silver, Bias in the Compilation of Consumer Price Indices when Different Models of an Item Coexist (PDF file 126 KB)
Eddy Opperdoes, Some Empiricial Experiments with CES Functions (PDF file 211 KB)
Jan de Haan, 
Generalised Fisher Price Indexes and the Use of Scanner Data in the CPI (PDF file 200 KB)
Walter Lane,
Addressing the New Goods Problem in the Consumer Price Index (PDF file 174 KB)

New products, substitution between products and outlets

Timo Koskimäki and Mari Ylä-Jarkko, Segmented Markets and CPI Elementary Classifications (PDF file 274 KB)
Rosmundur Guðnason, 
How do we measure inflation? Some measurement problems (PDF file 287 KB)
Alexandre Makararonidis,
On the treatment of newly significant goods and services in the HICP (PDF file 153 KB)

New developments in calculation methods - elementary aggregates

Lorraine Ivancic, Kevin J.Fox (University of New South Wales) and W. Erwin Diewert (University of British Columbia): Scanner Data, Time Aggregation and the Construction of Price Indexes (Download Paper - PDF, 767 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 459 KB)
Jan de Haan, Heymerik Van Der Grient (Statistics Netherlands): Eliminating Chain Drift in Price Indexes Based on Scanner Data (
Download Paper - PDF, 407 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 261 KB)
Reto Müller (FSO): Price collection with scanner data for the Swiss CPI/HICP (
Download Presentation - PDF, 65 KB)
Jens Mehrhoff (Deutsche Bundesbank): Aggregate Indices and Their Corresponding Elementary Indices (
Download Paper - PDF, 1.3MB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 526 KB)
Mick Silver (IMF): An Index Number Formula Problem: the Aggregation of Broadly Comparable Items (
Download Paper - PDF, 136 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 92 KB)
Peter Von Der Lippe (University of Duisburg-Essen): Unit Value Bias Reconsidered (
Download Paper - PDF, 211 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 328 KB)
Hans Wolfgang Brachinger, Michael Beer (University of Fribourg): The Econometric Foundations of Hedonic Elementary Price Indices (Download Paper - PDF, 535 KB)
Jan de Haan (Statistics Netherlands), Bert M. Balk (Erasmus University and Statistics Netherlands), Carsten Boldsen Hansen (UNECE): Retrospective Approximations of Superlative Price Indexes for Years where Expenditure Data is Unavailable (Download Paper - PDF, 109 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 63 KB)
W. Erwin Diewert (University of British Columbia), Marco Huwiler, Ulrich Kohli (Swiss National Bank): Retrospective Price Indices and Substitution Bias (
Download Paper - PDF, 71 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 147 KB)
Katrina Lindsay, Ricky Ho and Chris Pike (Statistics New Zealand): New Zealand consumers price index: retrospective superlative index time series (Download Paper - PDF, 188 KB)
Peter von der Lippe (Universität Duisburg-Essen): Notes on GEKS and RGEKS indices - Comments on a Method to GenerateTransitive Indices (PDF file 1.38 MB)
Thomas Stapleford (University of Notre Dame): ’Ordinal Utility and the Conceptual Basis of Cost-of-Living Indexes: How History Can Inform Contemporary Debates (PDF file 142 KB)
Paul Armknecht and Mick Silver (IMF): Post-Laspeyres: The Case for a New Formula for Compiling Consumer Price Indexes (PDF file 495 KB)
Peter von der Lippe and Claus C. Breuer (Universität Duisburg-Essen): Problems of Operationalizing the Concept of a Cost-of-Living Index (PDF file 356 KB)

Online Prices and Web Scraping

Ragnhild Nygaard, Statistics Norway: The use of online prices in the Norwegian Consumer Price Index (PDF 445 KB)
Ingolf Boettcher, Statistic Austria: Automatic data collection on the Internet (web scraping) (PDF 48 KB)
Frances Krsinich, Statistics New Zealand: Price indexes from online data using the fixed-effects window-splice (FEWS) index (PDF 285 KB)
Price indices at the micro aggregation level and their macro effects: Methodological and Empirical Evidence

Martha F. Haworth, Central Statistical Office (UK), Sampling and Data Capture Issues in CPI Construction (PDF file 1.5 MB)
Paul A. Armknecht, Brent R. Moulton and Kenneth J. Stewart, Bureau of Labor Statistics (US),
Improvements to the Food at Home, Shelter and Prescription Drug Indexes in the U.S. Consumer Price Index (PDF file 1.1 MB)
Don J. Sellwood, EUROSTAT,
Constraining Macro Effects of the Use of Different Methods at the Basic Level in the Project to Harmonise Consumer Price Indices in the European Union (PDF file 804 KB)
Bohdan J. Schultz, Statistics Canada,
Choice of Price Index Formulae at the Micro-Aggregation Level: The Canadian Empirical Evidence (PDF file 167 KB)
Bert M. Balk, Statistics Netherlands,
On the First Step in the Calculation of a Consumer Price Index (PDF file 648 KB)
Jörgen Dalén, Statistics Sweden,
Sensitivity Analyses for Harmonising European Consumer Price Indices (PDF file 1.0 MB)
Keith Woolford, Australian Bureau of Statistics,
A Pragmatic Approach to the Selection of Appropriate Index Formulae (PDF file 73 KB)
Alain Saglio, INSEE (France),
Comparative changes in Average Price and Price Index: Two case studies (PDF file 1.0 MB)

Purposes and concepts of consumer price indices

Marta Haworth, Central Statistical Office, UK, UK RPI: A cost of living index or an inflation indicator? (PDF file 1.4 MB)
Ralph Turvey,
Three kinds of monthly CPI (PDF file 68 KB)
Bert M. Balk, Statistics Netherlands
, The consumer price index and income escalation (PDF file 482 KB)
W. Erwin Diewert, University of British Columbia
, Seasonal commodities, high inflation and index number theory (PDF file 646 KB)
Jörgen Dalén, Statistics Sweden,
A statistical interpretation of CPI comparability (PDF file 434 KB)
Peter Zadrozny, Cost of Living Index of an Estimated Generalized CES Utility Function that Accounts for Changes in Preferences for and Qualities of Goods | Abstract

Product Quality Adjustment to Prices

Ralph Turvey, Item & outlet replacements and quality adjustment (PDF file 79 KB)
Bohdan Schultz, Statistics Canada
, Treatment of changes in product quality in consumer price indices (PDF file 969 KB)
Robin Lowe, Statistics Canada
, The type and extent of quality change adjustments in the Canadian CPI (PDF file 986 KB)
Anders Norberg, Statistics Sweden
, Quality adjustment in the Swedish price index for clothing (PDF file 1 MB)
Central Statistical Office, UK
, Quality Adjustment of prices of audiovisual goods in the U.K.R.P.I. (PDF file 514 KB)
Don Sellwood, Eurostat,
The harmonisation of quality adjustment practices in the European Union (PDF file 13 KB)
Jan-Oliver Menz, Elisabeth Wieland, Jens Mehrhoff Estimating the Impact of Quality Adjustment on Consumer Price Inflation Abstract
W. Erwin Diewert Quality Adjustment Methods | Abstract | Presentation

Price Indices for Services

George Beelen, 
Should a CPI attempt to hold all risk factors constant in pricing non-life insurance services (PDF file 203 KB)
Adrian Ball and David Fenwick, 
Costing mobile telephone calls: the use of constrained user profiles (PDF file 113 KB)
Keith Woolford, 
Experimental Price Indexes for Financial Services (PDF file 827 KB)

Price Measurement of specific products

Stefan Röthlisberger (OFS, Switzerland): Swiss CPI: Initial Experience with the new Medicine Price Index (Download paper – PDF, 93kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 124kb)
Dominque Guédès (INSEE, France): Fashion and Consumer Price Index (Download paper – PDF, 89kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 938kb)
Alan Chaffe, Walid Ezzaouali and Mathieu Lequain (Statistics Canada): An Alternative Collection Method and Its Impact on Accuracy, Reliability and Efficiency of the CPI Program: The case of automobile insurance in Canada (Download paper – PDF, 57kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 114kb)
James Signorelli & Marcel Van Knits, Australian Bureau of Statistics: Measuring Price Change for New Dwellings, Australian Bureau of Statistics Download Paper (PDF file 595KB) Download Poster (PDF file 137KB)
Ludwig von Auer / Sebastian Weinand, University Trier: How much cheaper is Rural Life? The Price Levels of German Counties and Cities Poster (PDF file 906KB)
Jan Walschots, Statistics Netherlands: Zero Prices in the CPI Poster (PDF file 500KB)
Kjersti Nyborg Hov, Ragnhild Nygaard New ways of measuring price development on consumer electronics | Abstract| Presentation

Panel Discussion on occasion of the 10th Ottawa Group Meeting: State of CPIs and 10 meetings (and 13 years)
(Download paper – PDF, 115kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 535kb)

Erwin Diewert, Department of Economics: The Ottawa Group after Ten Meetings: Future Priorities (Download paper – PDF, 79kb)
Paul Armknecht: Items to Consider for Member Countries’ Research Activities (Download presentation – PPS, 366kb)
Bert M. Balk, RSM Erasmus University and Statistics Netherlands: The OG against the backdrop of 150 years price index research (Download presentation – PPS, 142kb)

Price measurement for ‘difficult to measure’ products and services

Stephen Frost, Margaret Yang, Lewis Conn (Australian Bureau of Statistics):
Approaches to measuring telecommunications services for the CPI
Susan Kluth, Derick Cullen (Australian Bureau of Statistics):
A progress report on ABS investigations into FISM in National Accounts, Consumer Price Index and Balance of Payments
Erwin Diewert (University of British Columbia and University of New South Wales), Dennis Fixler (Bureau of Economic Analysis), Kimberly Zieschang (International Monetary Fund):
The Measurement of Banking Services in the System of National Accounts
Frances Krsinich (Statistics New Zealand):
Measuring the Price Movements of Used Cars and Residential Rents in the New Zealand Consumers Price Index
Stefan Linz, Andrea Röper, Peter Taschowsky (Federal Statistical Office of Germany):
The debate on hedonic price measurement - a never ending story?
Peter von der Lippe: The Index Theory of the German Energy Regulation Agency, What is the price of an energy transmission network? or How to construct a PPI by combining price indices of inputs?
Mari Ylä-Jarkko, Anita Heinonen (Statistics Finland), Mauro Politi (ISTAT), Vitor Mendonça (INE):
Games of chance and HICP
Stephen Frost (Australian Bureau of Statistics):
Sampling general-insurance policies for the CPI
Jan Walschots (European Commission, Eurostat):
The treatment of internet purchases in Consumer price statistics, Harmonising their treatment in the HICP
Martin Birger Larsen (Statistics Denmark):
Experimental use of hedonics for new cars in the Danish HICP
Patrick Kelly, Lee Everts (Statistics South Africa): Clearing out the sales: Removing a downward bias in a clothing and footwear index (Download Paper - PDF, 60 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 134 KB)

Pricing Patterns

Nobuhiro Abe, Yojiro Ito, Ko Munakata, Shinsuke Ohyama, Kimiaki Shinozaki, Bank of Japan: Pricing Patterns over Product Life-Cycle and Quality Growth at Product Turnover Paper (PDF file 1,168KB)
Rohan Drape, Nicklas Elversøe Alignment of Methodology and Scope between Services Producer Price Indices (SPPIs) and Consumer Price Indices (CPIs): developing a framework for using CPIs in SPPI calculation | Abstract| Presentation

Quality change

Don J. Sellwood, In search of new approaches to the problem of quality adjustment in CPI (PDF file 79 KB)
Henk van Tuinen, Bram de Boo and Jaco van Rijn,
Price index numbers of complementary goods (PDF file 127 KB)
Derek Blades,
Consumer journals and hedonics: a puzzle (PDF file 36 KB)
Mick Silver,
An evaluation of the use of hedonic regressions for basic components of consumer price indices (PDF file 93 KB)
Robin Lowe
Item selection and quality change in the Canadian CPI (PDF file 163 KB)
Stefan Linz: Hardware, software, network effects - what's the price for using computers? (PDF file 291 KB)

Quality adjustment

John Astin, Quality Adjustment in CPIs – A Personal View (PDF file 26 KB)
Jérôme Bascher and Thierry Lacroix,
On the use of hedonic methods in the CPI: an application to consumer durables and apparel (PDF file 110 KB)
Brent R. Moulton, Timothy J. LaFleur, and Karin E. Moses,
Research on Improved Quality Adjustment in the CPI: The Case of Televisions (PDF file 137 KB)
Arja Kinnunen,
Hedonic method is practicable in CPI compilation (PDF file 68 KB)
Don Sellwood,
Constraining unwarranted variations in sampling and quality adjustment practices in the construction of CPI elementary aggregates (PDF file 44 KB)
Timo Koskimäki and Yrjö Vartia, Beyond matched pairs and Griliches-type hedonic methods for controlling quality changes in CPI sub-indices: Mathematical considerations and empirical examples on the use of linear and non-linear models with time-dependent quality parameters (PDF file 303 KB)
Eunjeong Lee,
How to Reflect Quality Change in the CPI: The Case of Korea (PDF file 45 KB)
Ben Bode and Jan van Dalen,
Quality-corrected price indexes of new passenger cars in the Netherlands, 1990-1999 (PDF file 189 KB)
Mick Silver and Saeed Heravi, Quality Adjustment, Sample Rotation and CPI practice: An Experiment (PDF file 162 KB)
Don Sellwood, Improving Quality Adjustment in Practice (PDF file 197 KB)
Erwin Diewert,
Hedonic regressions: a consumer theory approach (PDF file 209 KB)
Kari Manninen, The Effects of the Quality Adjustment Method on Price Indices for Digital Cameras (PDF file 440 KB)
Jörgen Dalén (Consultant) and Oxana Tarassiouk (Statistics Sweden): Replacements, Quality Adjustments and Sales Prices (PDF file 261 KB)
Frances Krsinich (Statistics New Zealand): Using the Rolling Year Time-Product Dummy Method for Quality Adjustment in the Case of Unobserved Characteristics (PDF file 340 KB)
Frances Krsinich, Statistics New Zealand: Implementation of consumer electronics scanner data in the New Zealand CPI
Patrick Sillard, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques: Scanner data and quality adjustment
Kevin Roche, Lance Taylor, Roobina Keshishbanoosy Applying advanced techniques to the estimation of Multipurpose Digital Devices price indices | Abstract | Presentation

Quality Control of price index

Anders Norberg, 
Comparison of Variance Estimators for the Consumer Price Index (PDF file 386 KB)
David Fenwick, Adrian Ball and Jay Beaven, 
The Quality Adjustment Matrix: a novel and strategic approach to the quality measurement issue and the application of methods for the a priori identification of those items in a Consumer Price Index where hedonic quality adjustment can be used to best effect (PDF file 218 KB)
Yoel Finkel and Dorit Zioni, 
Automization in the CPI, Quality Assurance and EFQM (PDF file 197 KB)
Rolf Boesch and Corrine Becker Vermeulen, 
Quality assurance of the Swiss consumer price index (PDF file 287 KB)
Geoff Neideck (Australian Bureau of Statistics): A Framework for the accuracy dimension of data quality of price statistics (Download paper – PDF, 127kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 138kb)
Daniel Griffiths (Statistics New Zealand) and Randi Johannessen (Statistics Norway): The Statistics New Zealand and SSB Consumers Price Indexes: A Comparison (Download paper – PDF, 645kb) (Download presentation – PDF, 1.1mb)
Tarek Harchaoui, Justin Hume and Jennifer Withington (Statistics Canada): Accounting for the Difference between the CPI and Personal Consumption Expenditure Deflator (Download paper – PDF, 157kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 1.2mb)

Relationships between consumer price indices and other statistical systems

Nobuyuki Sakashita and Makoto Shimizu, 
CPI and Household Income Expenditure under deflationary trend (PDF file 215 KB)
Heikki Pursiainen, 
The algebraic interpretation of consistency in aggregation and quasilinear index numbers (PDF file 413 KB)

Research on various topics

Mick Silver (International Monetary Fund): Do Unit Value Export, Import, and Terms of Trade Indices Represent or Misrepresent Price Indices? (Download paper – PDF, 159kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 1mb)
Étienne Gagnon (Federal Reserve Board): Price Setting during Low and High Inflation: Evidence from Mexico (Download paperPDF, 611kb) (Download presentation – PDF, 163kb)
Yoel Finkel, Anna Rakhmilevich and Victoria Roshal (Israel Central Bureau of Statistics): Different Approaches to the Treatment of Seasonal Products: Tests on the Israeli CPI (Download paperPDF, 363kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 430kb)
W. Erwin Diewert (The University of British Columbia): An Empirical Illustration of Index Construction Using Israeli Data on Vegetables (PDF file 259 KB)
W. Erwin Diewert Seasonal Products | Abstract | Presentation
Yoel Finkel, Doron Sayag Seasonal Products | Abstract | Presentation

Selected difficult areas of consumer price indices

Kaisa Weckström-Eno, Statistics Finland, Selected difficult areas in the Finnish CPI (PDF file 168 KB)
Jörgen Dalén, Statistics Sweden
, Swedish CPI practices for difficult areas with a noteon CPI Subindexes for services with income-dependent fees (PDF file 240 KB)
Rosmundur Gudnason, Statistics Iceland
, Note on the practices in the field of insurance, financial services and public price policies in the Icelandic CPI (PDF file 23 KB)
Lasse Sandberg, Statistics Norway,
Note on selected difficult areas of consumer price indices (PDF file 237 KB)
N. Anders Klevmarken, Uppsala University,
A note on Cost-of-Living Indexes, Subsidized Commodities and Income Dependent Prices (PDF file 649 KB)
Sandrine Roh and Corinne Becker Vermeulen (Swiss Statistics): Clothing: The Use of Class Mean Imputation in the Swiss CPI - Analysis and Impact on the Results (PDF file 0.99 MB)
Matthias Diermeier and Martin Eiglsperger (European Central Bank): The Treatment of Seasonal Breaks in the Seasonal Adjustment of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (PDF file 215 KB)

Scanner data

William J. Hawkes, Reconciliation of consumer price index trends with corresponding trends in average prices for quasi-homogeneous goods using scanning data (PDF file 122 KB)
Jörgen Dalén,
Experiments with Swedish scanner data (PDF file 34 KB)
Ralph Bradley, Bill Cook, Sylvia G. Leaver and Brent R. Moulton,
An overview of research on potential uses of scanner data in the U. S. CPI (PDF file 76 KB)
Jan de Haan and Eddy Opperdoes,
Estimation of the coffee price index using scanner data: simulation of official practices (PDF file 53 KB)
Jan de Haan and Eddy Opperdoes,
Estimation of the coffee price index using scanner data: the choice of the micro index (PDF file 103 KB)
Mick Silver, Christos Ioannides and Marta F. Haworth,
Hedonic quality adjustments for non-comparable items for consumer price indices (PDF file 85 KB)
Christos Ioannides and Mick Silver,
Chained, exact and superlative hedonic price changes: estimates from micro data (PDF file 114 KB)
Masato Okamoto and Tomohiko Satou, Comparison of Hedonic Method and Matched Models Using Scanner Data: The Case of PCs, TVs, and Digital Cameras (PDF file 204 KB)
David Fenwick, Adrian Ball, Peter Morgan and Mick Silver, Sampling in Consumer Price Indices: what role for scanner data? (PDF file 232 KB)
David H. Richardson,
Scanner Indexes for the CPI (PDF file 191 KB)
Malti Jain and Joanne Caddy, Using scanner data to explore unit value indexes (Room document) (PDF file 268 KB)
Malti Jain and Ruel Abello, 
Construction of Price Indexes and Exploration of Biases Using Scanner Data (Room document) (PDF file 331 KB)
Daniel Melser (School of Finance & Economics, University of Technology, Sydney): Constructing High Frequency Price Indexes Using Scanner Data
Lorraine Ivancic, Kevin J. Fox (University of New South Wales):
Understanding Price Variation Across Stores and Supermarket Chains: Some Implications for CPI Aggregation Methods
Heymerik A. van der Grient, Jan de Haan (Statistics Netherlands):
Scanner Data Price Indexes: The "Dutch Method" versus Rolling Year GEKS
Frances Krsinich (Statistics New Zealand): Price Indexes from Scanner Data: A comparison of different methods
Kevin J. Fox (School of Economics and CAER, University of New South Wales), Daniel Melser (School of Finance and Economics, University of Technology, Sydney):
Non-linear Pricing and Price Indexes: Evidence and Implications from Scanner Data
Ingvild Johansen, Ragnhild Nygaard (Statistics Norway):
Dealing with bias in the Norwegian superlative price index of food and non-alcoholic beverages
Margaret Yang, Derick Cullen, Stephen Frost (Australian Bureau of Statistics):
Progress report on the implications of using supermarkets' scanner data in the CPI
Yuki Hiro, Yoshitaka Kajiya, Hitoshi Mio, Tomoaki Tanimoto, Shotaro Yamane (Bank of Japan):
Comparing Quality Adjustment Methods: A Case Study for Televisions in Japan
Daniel Melser (School of Finance & Economics, University of Technology, Sydney), Iqbal Syed (School of Economics, University of New South Wales):
Life Cycle Pricing and the Measurement of Inflation
Martin Ribe (Statistics Sweden):
On the RGEKS price index formula for scanner data
Anders Norberg, Muhanad Sammar, Can Tongur (Statistics Sweden):
A Study on Scanner Data in the Swedish Consumer Price Index
Frances Krsinich and Jan de Haan (Statistics New Zealand and Statistics Netherlands): Scanner Data and the Treatment of Quality Change in Rolling Year GEKS Price Indexes (PDF file 971 KB)
Muhanad Sammar, Anders Norberg and Can Tongur (Statistics Sweden): Issues on the Use of Scanner Data in the CPI (PDF file 157 KB)
Nina Gustafsson (Statistics Denmark): Drawing a Sample from Scanner Data to Use in the Danish CPI (PDF file 594 KB)
Patrick Sillard, Isabelle Léonard and Gaëtan Varlet (Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques): Scanner data and quality adjustment(PDF file 826 KB)
Eniko Gabor and Philip Vermeulen, Bundesbank and European Central Bank: New evidence on elementary index bias (PDF 482 KB)
Claude Lamboray and Frances Krsinich, Statistics Luxembourg and Statistics New Zealand: A modification of the GEKS index when product turnover is high (PDF 394 KB)
Satoshi Imai, Erwin Diewert and Chihiro Shimizu, Statistics Bureau of Japan, University of British Columbia and National University of Singapore: Consumer Price Index Biases -Elementary Index Biases vs. Sampling Biases (PDF 511 KB)
Satoshi Imai and Tsutomu Watanabe, Statistics Bureau of Japan and Tokyo University: Replicating Japanese CPI Using Scanner Data (PDF 450 KB)
Australian Bureau of Statistics: Using transactions data to enhance the Australian CPI (PDF 932 KB)
Kevin Fox and Iqbal Syed, University of New South Wales: Price Discounts and the Measurement of Inflation (PDF 362 KB)
Jan de Haan, Statistics Netherlands: A Framework for Large Scale Use of Scanner Data in the Dutch CPI (PDF 267 KB)
Heiðrún Erika Guðmundsdóttir, Statistics Iceland: How did Statistics Iceland start using scanner data? Download Paper (PDF file 483KB) Download Poster (PDF file 606KB)
Oda / Ochiai / Takahashi, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications / Statistics Bureau Japan: Measuring Price Setting Behaviours Using Scanner Data Download Paper (PDF file 1,038KB) Download Poster (PDF file 89KB)
Hoogerdijk, Eurostat: Parctical Guidelines for processing scanner data: Download Paper (PDF file 602KB) Download Poster (PDF file 153KB)
Tóth / Vermeulen, Central European University & Deutshe Bundesbank or European Central Bank: The relative importance of taste shocks and price movements in the variation of cost-of-living: evidence from scanner data (PDF file 411KB)

Sampling and elementary aggregates

Bert M. Balk, On the Use of Unit Value Indices as Consumer Price Subindices (PDF file 55 KB)
Jörgen Dalén,
On the statistical objective of a Laspeyres’ price index (PDF file 108 KB)
The Impact of Sample Design on the Performance of the Sample Geometric Mean and Related Issues (PDF file 122 KB)
William J. Hawkes,
The Use of Scanner Data in Reconciling Time-series (Consumer Price Index) and Geographic (Place-to-Place) Price Comparisons (PDF file 94 KB)
Jack E. Triplett,
Elementary Indexes for a Consumer Price Index (PDF file 134 KB)
Satoshi Imai, Chihiro Shimizu and Tsutomu Watanabe (Statistics Bureau of Japan): Product Downsizing and Hidden Price Increases: Evidence from Japan's Deflationary Period (PDF file 212 KB)
Claude Lamboray (Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, Luxembourg): Short-term Movements of the RY-GEKS Price Index; Is the Failure of the Identity Test Really a Problem? (PDF file 422 KB)
Isabelle Marchand (Statistics Canada): Sample Design for Goods and Services Components of the Canadian CPI (PDF file 645 KB)
Jens Mehrhoff (Deutsche Bundesbank): The CIA (consistency in aggregation) approach - A new economic approach to elementary indices (PDF file 2.94 MB)
Roland Hébert, Statistics Canada: Comparison of maximum overlap and fixed sample methods for computer price indexes Poster (PDF file 1024KB)


Corinne Becker: Recent developments in the Swiss CPI - Scanner data, telecommunications and health price collection (PDF file 178 KB)
Alexandra Beisteiner:
Measuring prices for telecommunication services in Austria (PDF file 154 KB)
Dennis Fixler:
Financial service prices - discusses the incorporation of financial services into a CPI (PDF file 446 KB)
André Loranger with updates by Mary Beth Garneau (Statistics Canada): Quality Change in Services Producer Price Indexes (PDF file 215 KB)
Anne-Sophie Fraisse (OECD): The Methodological Guide for Developing Producer Price Indices for Services, Issues and Challenges (PDF file 185 KB)

Spatial Indices

Bettina Aten (US Bureau of Economic Analysis): Inter-Area Price Levels: An experimental approach (presented by Walter Lane, BLS) (Download paperPDF, 155kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 235kb)
Jorgen Dalen: Spatial price comparisons in poverty measurement (PDF file 314 KB)

Seasonal Items

Cem Bas: Different Approaches & Methods for Strong Seasonal Items in CPI Poster (PDF file 1,456KB)

Treatment of quality change in price indices for durable goods

Greenlees, Fixler, Lane and Fortuna:
The Use of Hedonic Regressions to Handle Quality Change: The Experience in the U.S. CPI (PDF file 73 KB)
The Treatment of Quality Changes in the German Consumer Price Index (PDF file 121 KB)
Some observations on quality adjustment in the Netherlands (PDF file 119 KB)
Lacroix and Bascher: 
Dish-washers and PCs in the French CPI: hedonic modeling, from design to practice (PDF file 126 KB)
The use of the regression approach to quality change for durables in Canada (PDF file 65 KB)
Quality adjustments and capital goods (PDF file 49 KB)
Alternative estimates of price change for private transportation (PDF file 265 KB)
Quality Change a Statistical Approach (PDF file 122 KB)
Silver and Heravi:
The Measurement of Quality-Adjusted Price Changes (PDF file 113 KB)
W. Erwin Diewert Measuring the Services of Durables and Owner Occupied Housing |Abstract | Paper 2 | Presentation

The Treatment of Seasonal Data in CPI

Statistics Bureau of Japan: The new procedure for calculating seasonal items indices in Japanese chained CPI (PDF 157KB)

The planned revision of the ILO manual

Draft Chapter Outline for the Revised CPI Manual (PDF file 32 KB)
Development of International Handbook on Consumer Price Indices (PDF file 11 KB)
  CPI Terminology. First draft which has not yet been discussed with Eurostat (PDF file 17 KB)

Telecommunication services

Prapa Puntumeka and Aree Orapin, Mobile Phone Services in Thailand Consumer Price Index (PDF file 84 KB)
Yoel Finkel and Merav Oren, 
Price Indices for Telecommunication Services in the Israeli CPI (PDF file 126 KB)
Dennis Fixler, John S. Greenlees and Walter F. Lane, 
Telecommunications Indexes in the U.S. Consumer Price Index (PDF file 164 KB)
Thierry Lacroix and François Magnien, 
Methodology for constructing a price index for mobile-telephony services (PDF file 176 KB)
Kam Yu, 
Trends in Internet Access Prices in Canada (PDF file KB 235)
Monica Montella, Franco Mostacci and Gualtiero Zanolini, 
Consumer Price Indexes for Telecommunication Services in Italy: Work in Progress (PDF file 267 KB)
Rosmundur Guðnason, 
Telecommunications services in the CPI - a quantity approach (PDF file 150 KB)
Irmtraud Beuerlein, 
The German Consumer Price Index for Telecommunication Services: A User Profile Approach for Mobile Telephony and Internet Access (PDF file 126 KB)
Sophie Vassiliou, 
Consumer price indexes for telecommunication services based on a sample of customer bills: Summary of progress (Room document) (PDF file 97 KB)
Alexandra Beisteiner (Statistik Austria): Evaluation of the behaviour of different methods for price measurement in the telecommunication market (Download presentation – PPS, 238kb)
Makoto Shimizu (Statistics Bureau of Japan): Telecommunications Indices in the Japanese CPI (Download paper – PDF, 66kb) (Download presentation – PPS, 304kb)


Various measurement issues

Paul A. Armknecht, Improving the efficiency of the U.S. CPI (PDF file 146 KB)
Ralph Turvey,
New outlets & new products (PDF file 81 KB)
Marta Haworth, David Fenwick and Rachael Beaven,
Recent developments in the UK Retail Prices Index: Quality management (PDF file 151 KB)
Rósmundur Gudnason,
Improved methods for the evaluation of the composition and quantity of household goods (PDF file 39 KB)
Helen Stott,
Financial services (credit services) in the New Zealand CPI (PDF file 66 KB)
Peter Nilsson and Martin Kullendorff, Statistics Sweden: Consumer Price Index with constant tax - the Swedish approach (PDF 290 KB)
Statistics Bureau of Japan: Revision of the CPI Items for 2015-base (PDF 224 KB)
Thomas Stapleford, University of Notre Dame: Price Indexes, Political Judgments, and the Challenge of Democratic Control (PDF 315 KB)

Vector based Price Index
Wendy Wusan Xi: Vector based price index (PDF file 291 KB)

Weighting: quality, frequency of update, reference period, and price-updating

John S. Greenlees, Elliot Williams (BLS): Reconsideration of Weighting and Updating Procedures in the US CPI (Download Paper - PDF, 158 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 432 KB)
Martin Eiglsperger, Daniela Schackis (European Central Bank): Weights in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices: Selected aspects from a user's perspective (
Download Paper - PDF, 88 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 161 KB)
Bert M. Balk (Statistics Netherlands and Erasmus University): Lowe and Cobb-Douglas CPIs and their substitution bias (
Download Paper - PDF, 153 KB) (Download Presentation - PDF, 141 KB)
Chris Pike, Ben Nimmo and Ludeth Mariposa (Statistics New Zealand): New Zealand 2006 and 2008 Consumers Price Index Reviews: Price Updating (Download Paper - PDF, 317 KB)
Stefan Linz (DESTATIS): Weighting of Outlets and Regions – the German Weighting System (
Download Paper - PDF, 281 KB)
Jan Walschots (Statistics Netherlands): ’Weights in the CPI/HICP and in Seasonally Adjusted Series (PDF file 262 KB)
Marcel Van Knits, Australian Bureau of Statistics: Increasing the Frequency of Consumer Price Index Expenditure Class Weight Updates (PDF file 673KB)
Gerry O’Donnell, Clément Yélou The Adjusted Price Index and Monthly Adjusted Consumer Expenditure Basket Weights Abstract | Presentation
Robert J. Hil, Daniel Melser, Alicia Rambaldi,Michael Scholz l Combining Price Indices in Temporal Hierarchies |Abstract


Kimiaki Shinozaki, Bank of Japan: Webscraped Prices Comparison Method adopted for the PPI in Japan (PDF file 686KB)